HIMALAYAN NEWS SERVICE
KATHMANDU: Nepal’s population has risen to 26,494,505 over the past 10 years — an increase by 3,34,3081, according to a new census, with the annual growth rate of 1.35 per cent.
Women in the country outnumber men by almost 80 lakh, with female population counted at 13,645,463 (51.5 per cent) against male population of 12,849,041 (48.5 per cent), according to the census.
The census conducted from June 17 to June 27 last year also marked hundred years of population counting in Nepal and a preliminary report was published on September 27 last year.
The census data show that more than half of the population, about 55 per cent, is below 25 years of age.
The total number of households has increased to 5,427,302 from 4,253,220 in 2001. However, the average household size (average number of family members) has gone down to 4.88 from 5.44 in 2001.
One in every four households (25.42 per cent) reported that at least one member of their household is absent or is living out of country. The highest proportion (44.81 per cent) of absent population is youth aged between 15 and 24 years. Gulmi, Arghakhanchi and Pyuthan districts have the highest proportion of their population being absent (or staying abroad).
There are some remarkable strides the country has made over the decade in terms of literacy, people’s access to electricity, telephone/mobile phone, electronic items like radio, television and refrigerator, and cooking gas.
Overall literacy rate (for population aged five years and above) has increased to 65.9 per cent (from 54.1 per cent in 2001) with male and female literacy rates at 75.1 per cent and 57.4 per cent, respectively. The highest literacy rate is in Kathmandu (86.3 per cent) and lowest in Rautahat (41.7 per cent).
The sex ratio (number of males per 100 females) at the national level has come down to 94.2 from 99.8 in 2001 with highest sex ratio in Manang (127) and lowest in Gulmi (76).
While Tarai constitutes 50.27 per cent (13,318,705) of the total population, hill and mountain regions make up to 43 per cent (11,394,007) and 6.73 per cent (1,781,792), respectively.
Kathmandu has the highest number of population (1,744,240, an increase by 61.23 per cent from 2001) while Manang district has only 6,538 people residing there. The urban population too has increased to 17.7 per cent from 14.2 per cent in 2001.
The census data show that the biggest chunk of total population still get married between the age of 15 and 19 (48.9 per cent). The census shows 11.5 per cent of population is married under the age of 14. More households in Nepal use mobile phones than toilets, according to the census, with 64.63 per cent of families having penetration to cell phones and only 61.83 households having toilets of their own.
At a glance
• Population: 26,494,505
• Households: 5,427,302
• Average household size: 4.88
• Sex ratio (number of males per 100 females): 94.2
• Urban population: 17.7 per cent
• Highest population: Kathmandu (1,744,240)
• Lowest population: Manang (6,538)
• The biggest chunk of total population still get married between the age of 15 and 19 (48.9 per cent)
• Marriage under the age of 14 is still prevalent (11.5 per cent)
• More households in Nepal use mobile phones than toilets, with 64.63 per cent of families having penetration to cell phones and only 61.83 households having toilets of their own
• One in every four households (25.42 per cent) or at least one member of their household is absent or is living out of country
• The highest proportion (44.81 per cent) of absent population is youth aged between 15 and 24 years
No of castes/ethnic groups: 125
• Chhetri: 16.6 per cent (4,398,053)
• Brahman-Hill: 12.2 per cent (3,226,903)
• Magar: 7.1 per cent (1,887,733)
• Tharu: 6.6 per cent 1,737,470
• Tamang: 5.8 per cent (1,539,830)
• Newar: 5 per cent (1,321,933)
• Kami: 4.8 per cent (1,258,554)
• Musalman: 4.4 per cent (1,164,255)
• Yadav: 4 per cent ( 1,054,458)
• Rai: 2.3 per cent (620,004)
Number of religions followed: 10
• Hinduism: 81.3 per cent (21,551,492)
• Buddhism: 9 per cent (2,396,099)
• Islam: 4.4 per cent (1,162,370)
• Kirat: 3.1 per cent (807,169)
• Christianity : 1.4 per cent (375,699)
• Prakriti: 0.5 per cent (121,982)
• Bon: Followed by 13,006 people
• Jainism: Followed by 3,214 people
• Bahai: Followed by 1,283 people
• Sikhism: Followed by 609 people