KATHMANDU: Minister for Environment, Science and Technology Dr. Keshab Man Shakya highlighted the success of Montreal Protocol as the first international treaty on environment protection to receive universal acceptance in Geneva on Friday morning. He was addressing the 24th Meeting of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer being held in Geneva from November 12 to16.
Minister Shakya, who is leading the Nepali delegation to MOP, opined that the success has been possible through close cooperation and collaborative actions on the part of all the parties and stakeholders recognising the vital principle of common but differentiated responsibility and respective capabilities.
Equally critical has been the funding mechanism established to generate technical and financial assistance to the developing and least developed countries to meet their obligations, he added.
Adopted in 1987, the Montreal Protocol is an international treaty dedicated to protect the ozone layer by phasing out the production and consumption of substances believed to be responsible for ozone depletion. The year 2012 marks the historic 25th Anniversary of the birth of the treaty deemed now to be the ‘most successful’ international instrument of environment protection.
Minister Shakya further reaffirmed Nepal’s unwavering commitment to the provisions of the treaty and highlighted the broad range of legal, policy and institutional measures undertaken to phase out the consumption of ozone depleting substances as scheduled in the Protocol, according to the Permanent Mission of Nepal to the UN and other International Organizations.
Minister Shakya pointed out that Nepal does not produce CFCs and its import has now been fully controlled. Nepal’s contribution to the effective implementation of the Montreal Protocol was recognized in 2007 with "The Montreal Protocol Implementers Awards" by UNEP, he added.
Describing Nepal’s ratification of the Copenhagen, Montreal and Beijing Amendments to the Montreal Protocol in May this year as reflective of its strong commitment, the Minister stated that Nepal has taken proactive steps to control HCFCs in the country much ahead of the MOP decision XIX/6 and before any developing countries did so. He called for financial and technical support under Multilateral Fund to phase-out HCFCs in Nepal. He underscored the fact that Nepal as a least developed country is bearing the heavy brunt of climate change despite its negligible contribution to greenhouse gases as well as low consumption of ODS.
Referring to the ongoing debates in MOP about the proposed new amendments to Protocol, the head of the Nepalese delegation viewed it important to maintain a right balance between norm-setting, resource sharing and capacity building. The principal challenge is to ensure adequate and stable financial and technical support to Article 5 Parties, in particular the least developed countries, he emphasized. He added that any proposal that creates new obligations for the Parties should be judged against their capacity to meet the obligations as well as the willingness to support those that are least capable.