KATHMANDU: According to a new report from United Nations Children's Fund, Nepal is one of those countries with greatest decline in under-five mortality rate.
Unicef said it was due to poorer countries getting richer and also due to due to well-targeted aid such as encouraging breastfeeding or immunising against diseases, and through external assistance.
“ Between 1990 and 2011, nine low-income countries – Bangladesh, Cambodia, Ethiopia, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Nepal, Niger and Rwanda – reduced their under-five mortality rate by 60% or more,” said Unicef.
Meanwhile, Unicef has also called for a new push on child survival. As said, more than 115 governments have signed a pledge to redouble their efforts to save the infants. By focusing on high-impact solutions which include investing in maternal healthcare and nutrition, and strengthening accountability, said Geeta Rao Gupta, deputy executive director of Unicef.
As identified by Unicef, the five leading causes of deaths among children under five include: pneumonia (18%); pre-term birth complications (14%); diarrhoea (11%); birth-related complications (9%) and malaria (7%).