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Bahrain sees first sectarian violence



HAMAD TOWN: Several people were hurt in fighting between Sunni and majority Shi’ite Muslims in a town in central Bahrain today, the first sectarian violence since protests erupted in the Sunni-ruled kingdom two weeks ago.

The overnight clashes were triggered by a family dispute or a car accident, or both, according to different accounts, although the government said the cause of the dispute was “simple.”

The island kingdom has been gripped by unrest since protesters, formed mainly of disgruntled majority Shi’ite Muslims, took to the streets demanding democratic reforms in the US-allied Sunni monarchy.

Today’s fighting came hours after Bahraini opposition groups said they were ready to enter into talks with the government without pre-conditions, but have sent a letter to the crown prince saying they want a new government and constitution.

Hamad residents said a group of Shi’ites fought with a group of Sunnis and Bahrainis of Syrian extraction. Only half of Bahrain’s population of 1.2 million are native Bahrainis.

Fighting died down when police forces arrived and fired some teargas to disperse crowds, the residents said. Later there was a standoff between riot police and groups of Shi’ites who rushed to the area from other parts of Bahrain.

Ibrahim Mattar, part of a team at Bahrain’s main Shi’ite opposition group Wefaq gathering information on violent incidents in Bahrain said he estimated the number of injured at about six.

Popular revolts sweeping across the Arab world over the past two months have toppled the leaders of Tunisia and Egypt, inspired protests in some Gulf countries and triggered an outright rebellion in Libya.

The Ministry of Interior, Sheikh Rashed bin Abdullah al-Khalifa said in a statement that it took police about two hours to get the situation under control, with the help of local politicians and high-ranking government officials who calmed residents.

Pro-government media said clashes erupted after a traffic accident. Both parties then called their relatives to the scene who started clashing.

“I heard many different versions,” said Mattar. “I think there could have been a dispute between families in that area about something unrelated, not sectarian.”

Others said that Shi’ite youth had targeted naturalised Sunnis living in the area. Hamad Town is a small city in the center of Bahrain, where Shi’ites and Sunnis live together,

including those that were granted Bahraini citizenship.

The naturalisation of Sunni Arabs and Pakistanis serving in Bahrain’s security forces is a major bone of contention for Bahrain’s Shi’ite opposition, which sees it as an attempt by the government to change the country’s demographic composition.

The government denies there are such plans and says all naturalisation is done in full transparency and in accordance with the kingdom’s immigration laws. Bahrain’s king said in December that the island kingdom would limit the number of foreigners that are granted citizenship, in what observers said was the first official acknowledgement of the practice and a gesture to the opposition.

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